National GIRFEC Practice Model

Module Four: National GIRFEC Practice Model

National GIRFEC Practice Model

The model supports early intervention and identification of concerns.

The National Practice Model is made up of three evidence based tools:

  • The Wellbeing Indicators
  • The My World Triangle
  • The Resilience Matrix

It is used for assessment, planning and action by a single agency or on a multi-agency basis. It supports information sharing and consistent recording of practice to improve outcomes for children and young people. It is crucial that the views of children/young people and their parents/carers are gathered and recorded while using the model and that these are included in the Child/Young Person’s Plan (‘My Plan’) and are considered and taken into account by everyone involved in supporting the family.

Wellbeing Indicators

The eight wellbeing indicators are areas in which children and young people need to progress in order to do well now and in the future.

Click on each section to find out more information.


Having opportunities to take part in activities, such as play, recreation and sport, which contribute to healthy growth and development at home and in the community.


Having the opportunity, along with carers, to be heard and involved in decisions which affect them.


Having opportunities and encouragement to play active and responsible roles in their schools and communities and, where necessary, having appropriate guidance and supervision and being involved in decisions that affect them.


Having help to overcome social, educational, physical and economic inequalities and being accepted as part of the community in which they live and learn.


Protected from abuse, neglect or harm at home, at school and in the community.


Having the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health, access to suitable health care, and support in learning to make healthy and safe choices.


Being supported and guided in their learning and in the development of their skills, confidence and self-esteem at home, at school and in the community.


Having a nurturing place to live in a family setting with additional help if needed or, where this is not possible, in suitable care setting.

If a practitioner has a wellbeing concern about a child/young person, they should consider the situation by using the wellbeing indicators and asking the following 5 questions:

  • What is getting in the way of this child/young person’s wellbeing?
  • Do I have all the information I need to help this child/young person?
  • What can I do now to help this child/young person?
  • What can my agency do to help this child/young person?
  • What additional help, if any, may be needed from others?

The My World Triangle

The My World Triangle supports practice that considers the child/young person’s needs and risks, as well as the positive features in their lives. Strengths and wellbeing concerns are given equal consideration and can be structured around the triangle. Information gathered should be proportionate and relevant to the issues in hand. In many cases, it will not be necessary to explore every area of the triangle in detail but only to look at those immediately relevant. However, it is still important to keep the child/young person’s whole world in mind and provide immediate help where necessary while continuing assessment.

View the 'How I grow and develop' bubbles


View the 'What I need from people who look after me' bubbles


View the 'My wider world' bubbles


The Resilience Matrix

The resilience matrix is used to analyse information from the ‘My World Triangle’ and other sources including historical information and chronology of significant events. It should be used for more complex cases where the child/young person may be at risk or if there is a lot of information.

To download a copy of the National Practice Model Resilience Matrix click here.